2015年管理类联考-英语真题

2015管理类联考英语二真题一览(华章提供)

SectionⅠ

Directions:

Readthefollowingtext。Choosethebestword(s)foreachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET1.(10points)

In

evenlookingagreebythe.UseofEnglish

It's--becauseyou.

theButyou:Onefearwe'llbefearus,sowearemorelikelytofeelwhencommunicatingwiththemcomparedwith

toourphones.ourfriendsandacquaintances.Toavoidthisanxiety,we

Butonceweripoffthebandaid,tuckoursmartphonesinourpocketsandlook

up,itdoesn'tsobad.Inone2011experiment,behavioralscientists

NicholasEpleyandJulianaSchroederaskedcommuterstodotheunthinkable:Starta.TheyhadChicagotraincommuterstalktotheirfellow

EpleyandMs.Schroederaskedotherpeopleinthesametrainstationtohowtheywouldfeelaftertalkingtoastranger,thecommutersthoughttheirwouldbemorepleasantiftheysatontheirown,

those

offwithof1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.[A]unreasonable

9.[A]comfortable

10.[A]attend

11.[A]dangerous[B]ungreatful[B]anxious[B]point[B]mysteriousfeel[C]unconventional[C]confident[C]take[C]violentrdttched[D]unfamiliar[D]angry[D]turn[D]boring

12.[A]hurt

13.[A]lecture

14.[A]trainees

15.[A]reveal

16.[A]voyage

17.[A]wentthrough

18.[A]Inturn

19.[A]unless

20.[A]funny[B]resist[B]conversation[B]employees[B]choose[B]flight[B]didaway[B]Inparticular[B]since[B]simple[C]bend[C]debate[C]researchers[C]predictl[C]walk[C]caughtup[C]Infact[C]if[C]logical[D]decay[D]negotiation[D]passengers[D]design[D]ride[D]putup[D]Inconsequence[D]whereasre

SectionII

PartA

Directions:ComReadthefollowingfoureachtextbychoosingA,B,CorD.Markyour1.(40points)

1

Amostsurveys,peopleareactuallymore

stressedatwork.Researchersmeasuredpeople’scortisol,whichisstressmarker,theyatworkandwhiletheywereathomeandfoundithigheratwhatissupposedtobeaplaceofrefuge.

“Furthercontradictingconventionalwisdom,wefoundthatwomenaswellas

menhavelowerlevelsofstressatworkthanathome,”writesoneoftheresearchers,SarahDamaske.Infactwomenevensaytheyfeelbetteratwork,she

notes,“Itismen,notwomen,whoreportbeinghappierathomethanatwork.”Anothersurpriseisthatthefindingsholdtrueforboththosewithchildrenandwithout,butmoresofornonparents.Thisiswhypeoplewhoworkoutsidethehomehavebetterhealth.

Whatthestudydoesn’tmeasureiswhetherpeoplearestilldoingworkwhen

they’reathome,whetheritishouseholdworkorworkbroughthomefromtheoffice.Formanymen,theendoftheworkdayisatimetokickback.Forwomenwhostayhome,theynevergettoleavetheoffice.forwomenwhoworkoutsidethehome,theyoftenareplayingWiththeblurringofroles,andthefactthatthehometheinmakingadjustmentsforworkingwomen,notaremorestressedathome.

Butit’snotjustprettymuchknowwhat

they’resupposedmoney,doingthetaskstheyhavetodointoisverypure:Employeeputsinhoursofdrawsoutlife-sustainingmoola.

Onthepeoplehavenosuchclarity.Rareisthehousehold

inwhichtheofissoclinicallyandmethodicallylaidout.Therearealotoftaskstobedone,thereareinadequaterewardsformostofthem.Yourhomecolleagues-yourfamily-havenoclearrewardsfortheirlabor;theyneedtobetalkedintoit,orifthey’reteenagers,threatenedwithcompleteremovalofallelectronicdevices.Plus,they’reyourfamily.Youcannotfireyourfamily.Youneverreallygettogohomefromhome.

Soit’snotsurprisingthatpeoplearemorestressedathome.Notonlyarethe

tasksapparentlyinfinite,theco-workersaremuchhardertomotivate.

华章MBA为您倾情量身定制21.AccordingtoParagraph1,mostprevioussurveysfoundthathome_

[A]wasanunrealisticplaceforrelaxation

[B]generatedmorestressthantheworkplace

[C]wasanidealplaceforstressmeasurement

[D]offeredgreaterrelaxationthantheworkplace

22.AccordingtoDamaske,whoarelikelytobethehappiestathome?

[A]Workingmothers

[B]

[C][D]23.[A][B][C][D]24.[A][B]s[C]earnings

[D]nutrition

25.Thehomefrontdiffersfromtheworkplaceinthat

[A]homeishardlyacozierworkingenvironment

[B]divisionoflaborathomeisseldomclear-cut

[C]householdtasksaregenerallymoremotivating

[D]familylaborisoftenadequatelyrewarded不仅通过联考更要受益终身www.hzmba.com

华章MBA为您倾情量身定制不仅通过联考更要受益终身www.hzmba.com

Text2

Foryears,studieshavefoundthatfirst-generationcollegestudents-thosewhodonothaveaparentwithacollegedegree-lagotherstudentsonarangeofeducationachievementfactors.Theirgradesarelowerandtheirdropoutratesarehigher.Butsincesuchstudentsaremostlikelytoadvanceeconomicallyiftheysucceedinhighereducation,collegesanduniversitieshavepushedfordecadestorecruitmoreofthem.Thishascreated“aparadox”inthatrecruitingfirst-generationstudents,butthenwatchingmanyofmeansthathighereducationhas“continuedtoreproduceandabachievementgapbasedonsocialclass,tobeginningofapaperforthcominginthejournal.

Butthearticleisactuallyitasolutiontothisproblem,suggestingaone-hour,next-to-no-costprogram)cancloseofthegap(measuredbysuchfactorsasgrades)students.

Thedifferentuniversities,andtheirfindingsarebasedon147students(whocompletedtheproject)atanunnamedprivateFirstgenerationwasdefinedasnothavingaparentwithafour-yearcollegedegree.Mostofthefirst-generationstudents(59.1percent)wererecipientsofPellGrants,afederalgrantforundergraduateswithfinancialneed,whilethiswastrueonlyfor8.6percentofthestudentswitatleastoneparentwithafour-yeardegree.

Theirthesis-thatarelativelymodestinterventioncouldhaveabigimpact-wasbasedontheviewthatfirst-generationstudentsmaybemostlackingnotinpotentialbutinpracticalknowledgeabouthowtodealwiththeissuesthatface

华章MBA为您倾情量身定制mostcollegestudents.Theycitepastresearchbyseveralauthorstoshowthatthis

isthegapthatmustbenarrowedtoclosetheachievementgap.不仅通过联考更要受益终身www.hzmba.com

Manyfirst-generationstudents“struggletonavigatethemiddle-classcultureofhighereducation,learnthe‘rulesofthegame,’andtakeadvantageofcollegeresources,”theywrite.Andthisbecomesmoreofaproblemwhencollagesdon’ttalkabouttheclassadvantageanddisadvantagesofdifferentgroupsofstudents.BecauseUScollegesanduniversitiesseldomacknowledgehowsocialclasscanaffect

sightaboutthemcanimp26.Recr[A][B][C][D]27.The[A]the[B]their[C]therecruitingratehasincreased

[D]theirfindingappealtostudents

28.Thestudysuggeststhatmostfirst-generationstudents

[A]studyatprivateuniversities

[B]arefromsingle-parentfamilies

[C]areinneedoffinancialsupport

[D]havefailedtheircollage

华章MBA为您倾情量身定制29.Theauthorofthepaperbelievethatfirst-generationstudents

[A]areactuallyindifferenttotheachievementgap

[B]canhaveapotentialinfluenceonotherstudents

[C]maylackopportunitiestoapplyforresearchprojects

[D]areinexperiencedinhandlingtheirissuesatcollege

30.Wemayinferfromthelastparagraphthat

[A]universitiesoftenrejectthecultureofthemiddle-class[B]

studentsareusuallytoblamefortheirlackofresourcessocialclassgreatlyhelpsenricheducationalexperiences

[D]collegesarepartlyresponsibleforthetion

不仅通过联考更要受益终身www.hzmba.com

Evenintraditionaloffices,ofAmericahasgottenmuchmoreemotionalanditwas20yearsago,”saidHarvardKoehn.Shestartedspinningoffexamples.ItoFortune500companiesin1990,wewouldoflikejourney,mission,passion.Therewerestrategies,therewereobjectives,butwedidn’ttalkaboutenergy;wetalkpassion.”

Koehnpointedoutthatthisnew

byeraofcorporatevocabularyisverynotforgetsports—in“team”-oriented—andnotcoincidence.“Let’s

male-dominatedcorporateAmerica,it’sstillabigdeal.It’snotexplicitlyconscious;it’stheideathatI’macoach,andyou’remyteam,andwe’reinthistogether.TherearelotsandlotsofCEOsinverydifferentcompanies,butmostthinkofthemselvesascoachesandthisistheirteamandtheywanttowin.”

Thesetermsarealsointendedtoinfuseworkwithmeaning—and,asKhurana

华章MBA为您倾情量身定制pointsout,increaseallegiancetothefirm.“Youhavetheimportationof不仅通过联考更要受益终身www.hzmba.com

terminologythathistoricallyusedtobeassociatedwithnon-profitorganizationsandreligiousorganizations:Termslikevision,values,passion,andpurpose,”saidKhurana.

Thisnewfocusonpersonalfulfillmentcanhelpkeepemployeesmotivatedamidincreasinglylouddebatesoverwork-lifebalance.The“mommywars”ofthe1990sarestillgoingontoday,promptingargumentsaboutwhywomenstillcan’thaveitallandbookslikeSherylSandberg’sLeanIn,whosetitlehasbecomeabuzzwordinitsownright.Termslikeunplug,offline,andcapacityareallaboutsettingboundariesButifyourworkisyour“passion,”you’llbetoit,evenifthatmeansgoinghomefordinnerthenthekidsareinbed.

Butthisseemstobeofmakesfunofit,butmanagersloveit,onit,regularpeoplewillinglyabsorbit.AsNunberggetthinkit’snonsenseatthesametimethatyouafundamentallyindifferenttoyourlifeanditsspeakcanhelpyoufigureouthowyourelatetoyourwork—andhowworkwhoyouare.

31.AccordingtoNancyKoehn,officelanguagehasbecome_

[A]moreemotional

[B]moreobjective

[C]lessenergetic[D]

lessstrategic

32.“team”-orientedcorporatevocabularyiscloselyrelatedto

[A]historicalincidents

华章MBA为您倾情量身定制[B]genderdifference

[C]sportsculture

[D]athleticexecutives不仅通过联考更要受益终身www.hzmba.com

33.Khuranabelievesthattheimportationofterminologyaimsto

[A]revivehistoricalterms

[B]promotecompanyimage

[C]fostercorporatecooperation

[D]strengthenemployeeloyalty

34.Itcan

[A][B][C][D][A][B][C][D]Text4

Manypeopletalkedofthe288,000newjobstheLaborDepartmentreportedforJune,alongwiththedropintheunemploymentrateto6.1percent,asgoodnews.Andtheywereright.Fornowitappearstheeconomyiscreatingjobsatadecentpace.Westillhavealongwaytogotogetbacktofullemployment,butatleastwearenowfinallymovingforwardatafasterpace.

However,thereisanotherimportantpartofthejobspicturethatwaslargely

华章MBA为您倾情量身定制不仅通过联考更要受益终身www.hzmba.com

overlooked.Therewasabigjumpinthenumberofpeoplewhoreportvoluntarilyworkingpart-time.Thisfigureisnow830,000(4.4percent)aboveitsyearagolevel.BeforeexplainingtheconnectiontotheObamacare,itisworthmakinganimportantdistinction.Manypeoplewhoworkpart-timejobsactuallywantfull-timejobs.Theytakepart-timeworkbecausethisisalltheycanget.Anincreaseininvoluntarypart-timeinJune,butthegeneraldirectionhasbeendown.Involuntarypart-timeemploymentisstillfarhigherthanbeforethebutitisdownby640,000(7.9percent)fromitsyearagolevel.

Weknowthedifferencebetweenvoluntaryloymentbecausepeopletellus.Thesurveyusedtheaskspeopleiftheyworkedlessthan35hoursIfis“yes,”theyareclassifiedasworkingaskswhethertheyworkedlessthan35hoursintheytoworklessthanfulltimeorbecausehadTheyclassifiedasvoluntarypart-timeworkersiftheytelltolessthan35hoursaweek.

TheissuerelatestoObamacarebecauseoneofthemainpurposeswastotogetinsuranceoutsideofemployment.Formanypeople,especiallythosewithserioushealthconditionsoffamilymemberswithserioushealthconditions,beforeObamacaretheonlywaytogetinsurancewasthroughajobthatprovidedhealthinsurance.

However,Obamacarehasallowed

insurancethroughmorethan12millionpeopletoeithergetarepeoplewhomayMedicaidortheexchanges.These

previouslyhavefelttheneedtogetafull-timejobthatprovidedinsuranceinorder办公地址:北大资源宾馆1405室全国免费咨询热线:400-655-6122

tocoverthemselvesandtheirfamilies.WithObamacarethereisnolongeralinkbetweenemploymentandinsurance.

36.Whichpartofthejobspicturewas

neglected?A.Theprospectofathrivingjob

market.

B.Theincreaseofvoluntarypart-time

jobs.C.Thepossibilityoffull

employment.

D.Theacceleration

creation.

37.Manypeople

theyofjobworkpart-timebecause

A.preferpart-timejobstofull-timejobs

B.feelthatisenoughtomakemeetC.cannotgettimejobs

D.market38.employmentinthe

USA.ishardertooneyearago

B.showsageneraltendencyof

declineC.satisfiestherealneedof

thejoblessD.islowerthanbefore

therecession

39.ItcanbelearnedthatwithObamacare,

B.employmentisnolonger.A.itisnolongereasyforpart-timerstogetiapreconditiontoget

insuranceC.itisstillchallengingtogetinsurancefor

familymembersD.full-timeemploymentisstillessential

forinsurance.

40.Thetextmainlydiscusses

B.part-timer

classification

C.insurance

Medicaidthrough.A.employmentintheUS

D.Obamacare’s

trouble

ReadingPartB

【A】Youarenotalone

【B】Don’tfearresponsibilityforyourlife

【C】Paveyourownuniquepath

【D】Mostofyourfearsareunreal

【E】Thinkaboutthepresentmoment

【F】Experiencehelpsyougrow

【G】TherearemanytoSomeOldTruthsTimes

notarasesWearegoingthroughlifefacingsadwevariouskindsofloss:afriendship,aromanticahouse.Hardtimesmayholdyoudownatwhatusuallyseemslikethemosttime,butyoushouldrememberthattheywon’tlastforever.

Whenourtimeofmourningisover,wepressforward,strongerwithagreaterunderstandingandrespectforlife.Furthermore,theselossesmakeusmatureandeventuallymoveustowardfutureopportunitiesforgrowthandhappiness.IwanttosharethesetenoldtruthsI’velearnedolongtheway.

41.Mostofyourfearsareunreal

Fearisbothusefulandharmful.Thisnormalhumanreactionisusedto

protectusbysignalingdangerandpreparingustodealwithit.

Unfortunately,peoplecreateinnerbarrierswithahelpofexaggeratingfears.MyfavoriteactorWillSmithoncesaid,“Fearisnotreal.Itisaproductof

thoughtsyoucreate.Donotmisunderstandme.Dangerisveryreal.Butfearisachoice.”Idocompletelyagreethatfearsarejusttheproductofourluxuriantimagination.

42.Thinkaboutpresentmoment

Ifyouaresurroundedbyproblemsandcannotstopthinkingaboutthe

past,trytofocusonthepresentmoment.Manyofusareweigheddownbythepastoranxiousaboutthefuture.Youmayfeelguiltoveryourpast,butyouarepoisoningthepresentwiththethingsandcircumstancesyoucannotchange.Valuethepresentmomentandrememberhowfortunateyouaretobealive.Enjoythebeautyoftheworldaroundandkeeptheeyesopentoseethepossibilitiesbeforeyou.Happinessisnotapointoffutureandnotamomentfromthepast,butamindsetthatcanbedesignedintothe43Therearemanythingstobegratefulfor

Sometimesitiseasytofeelbadtoughtimes.Youcanbeeasilycaughtupbylifetopauseandappreciatethethingsyouhave.smileandvaluetheirlifeinsteadofctying44.Youarenotalone

Nomatterhowhowseriousthesituationis,youshouldalwaysyouareTrytokeepinmindthatalmosteveryoneyouareTryingtomakeagoodchangeinyourlifeyourdearestandneareset.Youmayhaveacircleoffriendwhoprovidehumor,helpandcompanionship.Ifyouhavenofriendsofrelatives,tryparticipateinseveralonlinecommunities,fullofpeoplewhoarealwaystoshareadviceandencouragement.

45.Paveyourownuniquepath

Todaymanypeoplefinditdifficulttotrusttheirownopinionandseek

balancebygainingobjectivityfromexternalsources.Thiswayyoudevalueyouropinionandshowthatyouareincapableofmanagingyourownlife.Whenyouarestruggingtoachievesomethingimportantyoushouldbelieveinyourselfandbesurethatyourdecisionisthebest.Youliveinyourskin,thinkyourownthoughts,haveyourownvaluesandmakeyourownchoices.

SectionIII

Translati

on

46.

Directions:

TranslatethefollowingtextfromEnglishintoChinese.Writeyourtranslationon

ANSWERSHEET

points)2.(15

Thinkaboutdrivingaroutethat’sveryfamiliar.Itcouldbeyourcommutetowork,atripintotownorthewayhome.Whicheveritis,youknoweverytwistandturnlikethebackofyourhand.OnthesesortsofeasytozoneoutfromtheactualdrivingandpaylittletheTheconsequenceisthatyouperceivethatthethanitactuallyhas.

Thisisthewell-travelledthetimeittakestotravelar.

Theeffectwayourattention.Whenwetraveldownawedon’thavetoconcentratemuch,timeseemstAndafterwards,whenwecometothinkbackonit,wecan’trememberthejourneywellbecausewedidn’tpaymuchattentiontoit.Soweassumeitwasshorter.

SectionIVWriting

PartA

47.Directions:

Supposeyouruniversityisgoingtohostasummercampforhighschoolstudents.Writeanotice

(1)brieflyintroducethecampactivities,and

(2)callforvolunteers

Youshouldwriteabout100wordsontheANSWER

SHEET.Donotuseyournameorthenameofyour

university.

Donotwriteyour

address.PartB

48.Directions:

Writeanessaybasedonthefollowingchart.Inyourwriting,yourshould

(1)interpretthechart,and

(2)giveyourcomment.

Youshouldwriteabout150wordsontheANSWERSHEET.


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