最新高中牛津英语模块一unit2词组.句型.语法

牛津英语模块一

Unit 2

一.重要短语

1. be common to

对…来说很普遍 2. turn up

调大音量,出现,往上翻 3. a waste of time (money…)

浪费时间(金钱) 4. force sb to do sth

强迫某人做某事

5. be angry with sb at/about sth

对某人/某事生气

6. arrive back home from vacation

度假归来 7. than expected

比预料的

8. can’t wait to do sth

等不急得去干某事 9. be supposed to do sth

理应干某事 10. be to do

计划做,注定要,应该做,想要做

11. in a mess

一团糟 12. in charge (of)

负责

13. in the charge of

被负责

14. sth goes unpunished

未受惩罚

15. go out go through经历

熄灭

16. have one’s arms crossed

交叉着手臂 17. deserve to do sth

理应做

18. deserve doing/to be done /be worth doing

19. be too hard on sb

对某人太苛刻

20. punish sb for sth/doing

因为某事惩罚某人 21. in the form of

以…的形式 22. replace…with …

用…来代替

23. have no choice but to do

只好做某事 24. run out (of)

用完

25. treat sb as/like

把某人当作 26. explain to sb sth

向某人解释

27. the cause of/the reason for

…的原因

28. cause sb to do sth

促使某人做某事 29. practise doing sth

练习做某事 30. change sth for sth

用东西换东西 31. feel a bit better

感到好多了 32. in formal English

用正式的英语 33. a no-brainer

很容易懂得事 34. a wet blanket

一个扫兴的人 35. all ears

认真听讲 36. pull one’s leg

开某人的玩笑 37. look sth up

查询/找 38. green fingers

园艺技能 39. all thumbs

苯手苯脚,十分苯拙

40. the pot calling the kettle black

锅笑壶黑,乌鸦笑猪黑 41. rain cats and dogs

下倾盆大雨

42. make a mountain out of a molehill

小题大做 43. fill in / out

填写

44.handle a problem处理 45. go with

伴随,与…相配 46. give lessons to sb

给某人上课

47. wait for sb to do sth

等候某人干某事 48. a little bit + adj.

有点儿 49. be proud of

对…感到骄傲 50. get good marks

取得好成绩 51. fail to do sth

未能干某事 52. be tired of

对…感到厌烦 53. be tired with/from

因…而累 54. stay up

熬夜,挺住 55. feel very well

感到身体很好 56. for nothing

徒劳 57. after all

毕竟,终究 59. someone else’s

某个别的人的 (P35)60. ask for advice

征求意见

61. take/follow one’s advice

接受某人的建议 62. all the time

一直,总是

63. take sb out for dinner

带某人出去吃晚餐 64. be meant to do

被打算用来做某事 65. keep sth in mind

把…记在心里 66. What’s up ?

什么事呀? 67. tidy up

使整齐

68. keep sth looking tidy

使某物看上去整洁 69. clean up

清理,整理

70. make a bit of difference

有点与众不同 71. either … or …

要么…要么…

72.find fault of sb 找—-的缺点It ’s one’s fault 这是某人的错 73. fix one’s problem

解决某人的问题

(p38)74. be/become upset with

对…感到生气 75. early on

早些时候

76.defend …against/from .. 保护--免遭—defend one’s deed—

Guard the farm from being attacked 警严以防卫,protect our eyes from sunlight 77. as if/though

好象

78. insist on/upon n/doing sth insister that …(should)…

坚持做

Stick to 名词,坚持坚守原则计划任务stick to our task 79. waste some time doing sth

浪费时间做某事 80. in/at Internet cafes

在网吧

81. every time/each time/next time

引导时间状语从句 82. at present

目前,现在

83. prevent sb (from) doing

阻止某人做某事

84. do harm to=be harmful to

对…有害(危害抽象事物) injure 事故中/wound武器伤hurt 肉体、情感 85. suggest doing sth

建议做某事 86. like crazy

疯狂地

87. now that 既然 88. play foreign music

演奏外国音乐 89. send/put sb to bed

打发某人去睡觉 90. forbid sb from doing

阻止某人做某事 91. solve the problem

解决问题

92. bridge the generation gap

缩小代沟 93. get along better

相处的更好 94. work on

演算,从事 95. work out

解出,结果是 96. make a draft

打个草稿

97. make a final version

作出最后的样本 98. be included in…

被包含在

99.tend to do 趋向于做 100.fit in society 融入社会 101.leave out 省略,遗漏 leave …alone 不管

/leave…behind 留下,忘带 Leave over剩下

102.a piece of cake 小菜一碟

103.have difficulty/trouble doing 104.mix up 混合

105 Set a limit to 限制

limit …to …. 把---限制在- 106.go back/return to normal 恢复正常

above/below normal 107.along with

108.tolerate doing tolerate sb doing

109.have his arms crossed 双臂交叉

110.bend down/over, 弯腰 bend …to 使---屈从于-- bend one’s attention专心于 be bent on 专心于

frighten sb into doing 吓得—做某事

frighten sb away/off 吓跑

error / mistake / fault通常指人的过失,过错find fault with be upset about /that从句 upset the balance 打破平衡

normal 正常的,常规的 ordinary 平凡的,普通的,和common 基本一样usual 通常的,习惯的unusual 。average 一般性质,平均的 common 共有的,常见的, 不值得奇怪的

tend to do/ have a tendency to 往往,趋向

tend(to) sb照顾某人

二.重要句子

1 Yes, I can ’t wait to surprise the boys!

是呀,我迫不及待地要给儿子们一个惊喜呢!

2 Suddenly the door opens and a soccer ball flies through the room. 突然,门开了,一只足球飞了进来。

3 But, but …you weren’t supposed to come home until tomorrow! 可是、可是……你们应该明天才到家的呀!

4 The money for dog food is gone, but Spot looks like he is starving! 用来买狗食的钱不见了,可是小斑点看上去都饿坏了! 5 Daniel has his arms crossed and looks upset. 丹尼尔双臂抱在胸前,看起来很不高兴。 6 Then they wont be mad any more. (解释)之后他们就不会再生气了。

7 Maybe, but now that he has been so rude to us, I feel like we have to punish him or he won’t respect us.

也许吧,可是既然他对我们那么粗鲁无礼,那我觉得我们有必要教训教训他,要不然他不会尊重我们的。 8 pants restroom blanket 裤子 公共厕所 毯子

9 Many teenagers feel lonely, as if no one understands them and the changes they are going through. 很多青少年感到孤独,好像没有人理解他们以及他们正在经历的变化。 10 Along with these physical changes, there come many psychological changes. 与这些生理变化同时而来的,还有很多心理上的变化。

11 Boys and girls tend to be different in this regard.男孩和女孩在这方面往往有所不同。

12 They may badly want and need their parents’ love, yet feel distant; they may want to be part of the group, yet desire independence.

他们或许迫切需要父母的关爱,却又感觉疏远;他们或许想要成为团体的一员,却又渴望独立。 13 The good news is that these kinds of growing pains do not last.好在这些成长的烦恼并不会持久。

14 In the end everything turns out OK —the teenager becomes a healthy adult, and this period of change and challenge is traded for the changes and challenges of grown-up life.

最终一切都会好起来——青少年成长为健康的成年人,而青春期的变化和挑战则转变为成人生活中的种种变化和挑战。

三.语法 定语从句(2)

1 ‘介词+关系代词’结构中的介词可以是in ,on, about, from, for, with, to等,关系代词只可用whom ,which ,

或whose ,不可用that 。这些词既可引导限制性定语从句,又可引导非限制性定语从句。主要有以下几种结构:

(1)介词+关系代词Who is the man with whom you shook hands just now?

(2)名词+介词+关系代词Give me the book the cover of which is red (the cover of which=whose cover). 注意:当先行词是物时,作定语的引导词‘whose + n. = the + n. + of which或of which + the + n.’ (3)代词+介词+关系代词

As he was a lively, cousin man, he hid a great deal, and noticed many interesting things, all of which he

recorded in his diary.

(4)介词+关系代词+名词He goes to bed at ten, at which hour his brother locks all the doors and windows.

(5)形容词最高级+介词+关系代词

He has bought many novels, the most interesting of which is written by Han Han.

(6)数词+介词+关系代词I have three brothers, two of whom have just graduated from the same university. 【巧记】

‘介词+关系代词’结构中,关系代词指人时用whom ,指物时则用which 。介词的选择可以根据以下关系

确定:

(1) 介词与定语从句中的动词或形容词是一种习惯性搭配。

This is the book for which I paid 8 yuan.

The two things about which Marx was not sure were the grammar and some of the idioms of English.

(2) 介词与定语从句的先行词是一种习惯性搭配。

There was no way in which it could be bought back to the earth. 没有办法可以把它带到地球上来。(依据短语in this way)

(3) 根据所表达的意思确定

The gas with which doctors can save the patients is called oxygen. The gas without which we can’t live is called oxygen.

(4) 表示所有关系或整体中的一部分时,用介词of

There are different forms of energy, most of which come from the sun.

注意:含有介词的短语动词一般不能拆开,即介词仍放在动词之后,因此不能使用‘介词+关系代词’结构

此类短语有:listen to, look at, pay attention to, care for等 Is this the watch he is looking for?

2 关系副词的用法

This is the computer where (= by/on which) he has stolen top-secret documents. Here is the place where (= at which) the murder took place. He didn’t give any reason why (= for which) I had been fired. 【提示】

当先行词是situation, point, case, stage等表示某种情景、状况的词时,常用where 或in/at which引导定语从句。Can you imagine a situation where/in which you can use the word?

【巧记】如果表示时间、地点、原因的名词不作状语,而是作主语、宾语或者表语时,必须用关系代词that/which来引导而不是用where 等 May 1 is the day I will never forget. 五月一号是我永远不会忘记的一天。(that 作forget 的宾语)

The Three Gorges is a beautiful place (that/which) people all over the world look forward to visiting. 长江三峡是个美丽的地方,全世界的人都渴望来参观。(that 或which 作visiting 的宾语) Is this the reason that he gave us for being late?

这就是他给我们的迟到的原因吗?(that 作gave 的直接宾语) 【真题回放】

1 ( ) She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction had taken more than three

years.

A for which B with which C of which D to which

2 ( ) English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of uses it somewhat

differently.

A which B what C them D those

3 ( ) A bank is the place they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it

begins to rain.

A when B that C where D there

4 ( ) It was April 29, 2011 Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the

wedding ceremony.

A that B when C since D before

5 ( ) The days are gone physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A when B that C where D which

6 ( ) I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A which B where C who D that

7 ( ) Julie was good at German, French and Russian, all of she spoke fluently. A who B whom C which D that

8 ( ) Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet life has developed

gradually.

A that B where C which D whose 9 ( ) She brought with her three friends, none of I had ever met before. A them B who C whom D these

10 ( ) Mozart’s birthplace and the house he composed ‘The Magic Flute’ are both museums

now.

A where B when C there D which

11 ( ) I have reached a point in my life I am supposed to make decisions of my own. A which B where C how D why

12 ( ) She’ll never forget her stay there she found her son who had gone missing two years before. A that B which C where D when 13 ( ) Gun control is a subject Americans have argued for a long time.

A of which B with which C about which D into which 14 ( ) It’s helpful to put children in a situation they can see themselves differently. A that B when C which D where 15 ( ) ----What do you think of teaching, Bob?

---- I find it fun and challenging, It is a job you are doing something serious but

interesting.

A where B which C when D that


相关内容

  • 牛津高中英语模块一_unit2词组(江苏)

    Unit 2 1. be common to 对-来说很普遍 2. turn up 调大音量,出现,往上翻 3. a waste of time (money-) 浪费时间(金钱) 4. force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事 ...


  • 外研社版三起英语五年级上册教材分析[1]

    <新标准英语> (三年级起点)第五册教材分析 一.教材总体介绍及分析 (三年级起点)第五册共由 10 个学习模块和 1 个复习模块组成.每个模块包括两个单 元,第一单元是新语言呈现单元,第二单元是语言扩展和语言练习单元.在语言学 ...


  • [精品]外研版小学五年级上册英语教案

    (此文档为word 格式,下载后您可任意编辑修改!) Module 1 London 第一课时 教学内容:Unit 1 when did you come back 教学任务: SB(学生用书) 和AB(课堂活动用书) 学习任务: What ...


  • 高一英语备课组计划

    高一英语备课组工作计划 新的课程标准的制定和新教材的使用给我们带来了新的挑战和新的思考,教育观念的转变和教育方法应与时俱进.由此,我们备课组计划如下: 一.教学观念: 重视教育的两大功能---工具性和人文性. 突出英语教学"实践第 ...


  • 5A牛津英语一课一练

    5A牛津英语一课一练 Module 1 Getting to know you Unit 1 Can I do this? 1. Words and expressions ( 单词与词组 ) 穿越 喝,饮 出去 发出声音 意思 一样.一件 ...


  • 2014年秋季学期高二英语教学计划

    20XX年秋季学期高二英语教学计划 一.所教班级学生现状分析: 本学期我所任教高二c173为理科,有相当一部分同学的学习态度不够端正,上课不喜欢认真听讲。作业马虎、不交,课外时间全部放在休闲娱乐上,课堂上打瞌睡的现象时有发生。还有一些学生由 ...


  • 初中英语各分册语法汇总(上海牛津版)

    上海初中语法点汇总(牛津版) 牛津七年级第一学期 Language: Module 1 Relationships Unit 1 Relatives in Beijing ►1 形容词用于人物或事物之间比较的方法 ►2 运用名词和副词来表示 ...


  • 人教版八年级英语上学期集体备课Unit2P4

    姚村镇中学八年级英语集体备课 课题 主备教师 (2015-2016 学年度第一学期) Unit2 How often do you 课 时 exercise? 孙爱民 备课成员 宋祥伟 王敏 Period4 学习 目标 1. 语言知识目标: ...


  • 四年级家长会英语老师发言稿

    尊敬的各位家长: 你们好!首先感谢各位家长,今天你们能够在百忙之中,抽出宝贵的时间来参加家长会,单从这点就可看出大家对自己的子女教育问题的高度关注.这也是对孩子的一种尊重和鼓励.开家长会是为了加强家校联系,相互交流孩子们在校和在家的一些情况 ...